Exploring Pagan Traditions: Rituals and Festivals

pagan traditions

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Ever curious about how old rituals and festivals connect us to nature? Discover the magic of pagan traditions. These traditions bridge us to the Earth’s natural cycles. Samhain, for example, is celebrated on October 31st. It marks the start of the year’s darker half. Imbolc or Candlemas, on the other hand, welcomes the first signs of spring on February 2nd1.

The Spring Equinox is another special time, happening on March 19th at 8:06 pm PDT. It symbolizes balance and new beginnings. Then there are the harvest festivals that celebrate nature’s gifts. Spiritual traditions in paganism show us how everything is connected1. In the United States, over 1.5 million people now identify as Pagans. This number has grown from 134,000 in 2001. It shows that many still find meaning in these ancient rituals today2.

Key Takeaways

  • Pagan traditions emphasize the interconnectedness of humanity and nature.
  • Samhain, celebrated on October 31st, marks significant transitions in the Pagan calendar1.
  • Imbolc or Candlemas is celebrated on February 2nd, signifying the awakening of spring1.
  • The Spring Equinox falls on March 19th at 8:06 pm PDT, representing balance and renewal1.
  • Paganism’s growing popularity in the U.S. reflects a resurgence of interest in ancient rituals2.

The Rebirth of Paganism in Modern Times

Modern Paganism is growing again. It started getting attention in Europe and North America in the 20th century. Thanks to Wicca, which began in the 1950s in England, modern Paganism spread fast. Wicca reached the United States and became the biggest modern Pagan religion3. The 1960s and ’70s movements also helped, making modern Pagan religions more popular3.

Paganism’s Climb from the Fringes

In the U.S., despite less influence from traditional Christianity since the 1960s, over 40% of Americans felt a strong religious calling by the early 2000s4. The fall of Marxist-Leninist governments in the 1990s also helped modern Pagan groups grow in Eastern Europe. Countries like Poland, Russia, and Ukraine saw a rise in Rodnovery, a Slavic-oriented Paganism3. These groups focus on following historical and archaeological findings strictly3.

Influence of Pop Culture

Pop culture has made Paganism more popular. TV shows, movies, and books, from “Charmed” to “American Horror Story: Coven,” have brought Paganism into the public eye. This has connected with many Americans, who find spiritual comfort in these practices, as surveys show4. Celebrities like Oprah Winfrey and Joel Osteen have also inspired a new kind of spirituality4.

#WitchTok and Digital Age Witchcraft

Digital platforms, especially TikTok, have helped spread modern Paganism. Under the #WitchTok tag, young witches share spells and rituals, creating a worldwide community. This digital movement is part of the shift to new spiritualities in our times4.

Forms of Slavic-oriented religion called Rodnovery appeared in Slavic countries like Poland, Russia, and Ukraine3.

Modern Pagan festivals have also gone online. From digital celebrations to online covens, the internet has helped Pagan communities grow. This shows how Paganism stays relevant, combining new ideas with ancient practices.

Imbolc: Awakening the First Spark of Spring

Get ready to brighten your world with Imbolc’s enchantment, happening on February 1st or 2nd. This time, also called Candlemas, sits halfway between winter’s start and spring’s first day. It hints at warmer days5. Celebrated in early February5, Imbolc is a tradition from the Celts, showing us the early hints of spring6. Are you ready to welcome spring’s first spark?

Candlemas Celebrations

At Candlemas, Imbolc shines bright. Families light Brigid’s candle, a sign of life’s return and the sun’s coming warmth5. They explore the outdoors, looking for spring’s first blooms and buds5. Join in by noticing the changes around you and lighting your Brigid candle.

Traditions Honoring Brigid

Brigid, the fire goddess, stands at Imbolc’s heart6. Making Brigid’s crosses from straw bids for her protection and blessings5. It’s a tribute to her power of renewal, promising a blend of fun and spirituality.

Lighting Hearth Fires

Lighting fires at the hearth is a vital Imbolc practice. It symbolizes fresh starts and purity, readying your space for spring. The feast includes dairy, bread, and early veggies, marking a new agricultural phase5. Let the fire remind you of Brigid’s renewal as spring begins.

Ostara: Balance and Renewal during the Spring Equinox

As the days get longer and flowers start to bloom, Ostara invites us to the Spring Equinox. It’s a time for balance and starting anew. Ostara falls around March 20th or 21st. It’s one of eight special times in the year when day and night are the same length. This equal balance in nature7 highlights growth and fresh starts7.

Egg Decorating Rituals

Eggs symbolize new life and fertility during Ostara. Different cultures have unique egg customs for the Spring Equinox. Decorating eggs like Pysanky, Norooz Eggs, Washi Eggs, and Cascarónes symbolizes new beginnings8. Egg Tapping is another fun ritual. People tap eggs together until one breaks, celebrating life’s return8.

Planting Seeds & Renewing Life

Planting seeds is a core Ostara activity, much more than just gardening. It’s about seed magic. You plant your dreams with the seeds to grow together, just like the renewal in nature8. Starting plants inside is a great way to celebrate Earth’s comeback. Going outside helps us find balance again8.

Honoring the Equinox

The Spring Equinox reminds us of nature’s balance, with day and night equally long7. It celebrates light winning over darkness. This victory is a big part of Ostara8. To find balance, start new projects or clean out your room. Try new activities8. Students can even do quick balance exercises during study breaks8.

Ostara Traditions Significance Recommended Activities
Egg Decorating Symbolizes fertility and new life Decorate Pysanky, Norooz Eggs, Washi Eggs, Cascarónes
Planting Seeds Marks rebirth and new beginnings Indoor gardening, seed magic
Balance Activities Reflects equilibrium in nature Outdoor activities, spring cleaning, new hobbies

Beltane: A Festivity of Fertility

Beltane is observed from April 30th to May 1st. It’s a key fire festival in the Celtic Wheel of Life9. It’s a joyous celebration of fertility, love, and our bond with nature10. Around the world, Beltane is celebrated with fire dances, Maypole dances, and weddings11. Let’s explore Beltane’s most cherished traditions, celebrating fertility and joy.

Maypole Dances

The Maypole dance is iconic at Beltane. Dancers use ribbons from the Maypole’s top, weaving them together9. This symbolizes the unity of male and female energies10. It’s a beautiful ritual showing the harmony of divine feminine and masculine11. In Findhorn and Erraid, these dances are on May 1st, after a night of fires, feasting, and music on April 30th9.

Flower Crowns and Wreaths

Making flower crowns and wreaths is a cherished Beltane tradition. People wear flower crowns to symbolize nature’s fertility and beauty10. They are worn during dances and rituals, capturing the spirit of spring and new beginnings.

Maypole Beltane

Symbolism of Bonfires

Bonfires are central to Beltane, representing purification and protection. On Beltane, old fires are put out and new ones are lit9. People and animals walk between these new fires for cleansing and blessings10. This tradition aims to ensure the land’s fertility, carried on for generations. Bonfires also symbolize renewal and community fertility11. Historically, the Celts lit two bonfires for fertility. This captivating tradition lives on among modern Pagans9.

Beltane is a splendid blend of ancient and modern celebrations. This festival of fertility ties us to natural cycles, celebrating life’s balance with rituals like Maypole dancing, flower decorations, and bonfires.

Litha: Embrace the Summer Solstice

Litha, the Summer Solstice, is the longest day and a peak of solar strength in Pagan beliefs1213. It brings together many cultures to celebrate the sun around June 21st, symbolizing light winning over darkness1214.

In ancient times, Litha meant joy and celebrations13. People would light bonfires to honor the sun’s power and pray for a good harvest. Such traditions are still important worldwide1314. Celebrations include feasts and meetings at holy places like Stonehenge1314.

Gold and blue are Litha’s colors, showing strength and clarity1214. Festive items include chamomile and St. John’s wort herbs, and crystals like sunstone12.

Lavender and Mugwort are crucial for Litha, offering sun protection14. Symbols like the Sun Wheel and oak trees signify the sun’s power during these celebrations14.

Litha rituals start with welcoming the sunrise and making wreaths14. These practices highlight the sun’s role in the cycles of life and renewal13.

Lammas: Celebrating the First Harvest

Lammas, also known as Lughnasadh, happens on August 1st. It signals the start of the harvest season. It’s the Wheel of the Year’s first harvest festival1516. This time is for thanking nature and rejoicing in both our personal success and the physical gathering of crops15.

Feasting with Fresh Bread

At Lammas, baking and sharing fresh bread is a key tradition. This ritual honors the past grain harvests and reflects early Christian customs of blessing the first bread loaves16. These communal meals with the season’s first crops boost community spirit and thankfulness1516.

Crafting Corn Dollies

Corn dollies are a cherished Lammas tradition. Made from grain, these figures embody the harvest spirit. They’re used in rituals. Lammas decorations also include seasonal items like scythes and fruits, making the holiday festive16.

harvest festivals

Honoring Lugh

Lammas also pays tribute to Lugh, the god of grains and skills. The festival features workshops that spotlight creativity, inspired by Lugh’s talents1516. It’s a time to thank the earth and admire nature15.

Across the globe, pagans and neopagans hold various rituals to thank nature. These rituals mix old customs with new ways of showing skill and fellowship.

Aspect of Celebration Description
Feasting with Fresh Bread Baking and sharing bread to commemorate the historical grain harvest and sustain community bonds.
Crafting Corn Dollies Creating figures from sheaves of grain to symbolize the spirit of harvest.
Honoring Lugh Workshops and activities celebrating artistic expression, paying tribute to the Celtic god of grains and craftsmanship.

Mabon: Thanksgiving for the Fall Harvest

Mabon is celebrated near the Fall Equinox, around September 22-23. It’s a moment for giving thanks and coming together in Pagan tradition17. As the second harvest festival, it marks a significant time on the Pagan Wheel of the Year1718.

Strengthened Community Bonds

The Fall Equinox strengthens community bonds with shared festivities17. Since the 1970s, Pagans have celebrated Mabon as a key festival of thanks17. It’s a time of joy, where communities unite in gratitude and support.

Offerings of Fruits and Vegetables

The harvest brings plenty of corn, squash, and apples in late September17. Offering these goods, like in ancient Greek customs, shows thanks for the abundance17. Food like beans, pumpkins, and cider are common at Mabon, adding to the celebration18.

Recognizing Seasonal Changes

The Autumnal Equinox brings equal daylight and darkness, a balance in nature17. Introduced in the last 55 years, Mabon is a time to reflect on these changes17. It’s a period to honor the shift from light to dark with gratitude and rituals.

Samhain: The Witches’ New Year

Samhain is special for Wiccans and many Pagan groups, celebrated on October 31st. It’s known as the Witches’ New Year, happening at the same time as the Day of the Dead19. This festival connects closely with a Mexican holiday that lasts from October 31 to November 2.

At Samhain, the boundary between our world and the spirit world gets very thin. This makes it easier to connect with ancestors who have passed away. It’s a time to honor the dead, marking the end of harvest and the start of a new cycle19. This festival is the last one before winter comes, making it a time for deep reflection.

Samhain celebration

Samhain is deeply about remembering and respecting those who lived before us. Wiccans see death as just another phase in life, not the end19. This viewpoint shapes the celebration of the Pagan New Year.

Wicca blends rituals from many ancient cultures including Celtic and Norse, making Samhain a rich tradition19. Lighting candles and talking to spirits bridge the past and future. It’s a night to celebrate life’s constant cycle.

To really understand Samhain, look into its practices and history at Witches’ New Year. It’s a celebration in tune with nature’s cycles and life’s eternal flow.

Yule: Winter Solstice Celebrations

Yule is one of the oldest festivals of the winter solstice, starting with the ancient Norse. It has rich traditions and rituals that people still enjoy today20. This time has the shortest day and the longest night of the year. It occurs on December 21-22 in the Northern Hemisphere and June 20-21 in the Southern Hemisphere20. Originally called “jol” in Norse, Yule covered a two-month period called “giuli.” This time was full of celebrations for the sunlight’s return20. When King Haakon Haraldsson ruled in the 10th century, Yule became part of the Christian Christmas celebrations20.

Burning the Yule Log

The burning of the Yule log is a key ritual. It was done over several days to symbolize the sun’s come back20. Today, many light it during the Winter Solstice. They honor the sun and the longer days ahead. Imagine the glow and warmth, bringing light and comfort in the deep of winter.

Mistletoe and Evergreen Decorations

Putting up mistletoe and evergreens is a special Yule tradition. These plants are signs of life lasting forever and staying safe. Mistletoe was thought to have magic powers long ago. People believed it kept away evil spirits and brought luck.

Welcoming the Return of the Sun

Modern Yule celebrations still have activities to greet the sun’s return. This old tradition marked the end of the dark winter days20. Neo-Pagans see it as the second sabbat on the Wheel of the Year. It represents the sun’s rebirth and the start of something new20.

For more details on Yule, check out the Yule festival at Britannica. This guide goes deep into its history and practices. It shines a light on why this winter solstice celebration is spiritually meaningful.

The Role of Deities in Pagan Rituals

Paganism values the worship of deities who represent life, nature, and the spirit world. These gods and goddesses play a key role in Pagan beliefs, shaping many rituals and spiritual activities. Figures like the horned god Cernunnos and the goddess Isis offer unique powers for worship.

Cernunnos and Nature Worship

Cernunnos symbolizes nature’s wild side and is essential in Pagan nature worship. His image reminds followers of our deep bond with the earth. Outdoor Pagan gatherings celebrate nature’s cycles, using symbols like the pentacle and Mjölnir21. These events honor the changing seasons and life’s circular journey.

Isis and Her Healing Powers

The goddess Isis is cherished in Paganism for her ability to heal and nurture. Rituals dedicated to her focus on renewal and growth. Pagans create altars for Isis, blending natural and personal items21. These altars inspire daily spiritual practices, such as meditations and setting intentions21. Isis provides daily support and empowerment to her devotees.

divine worship

Influences from Various Cultures

Pagan rituals draw from a wealth of cultural traditions. They highlight how closely tied nature and spirituality are across ancient societies. By embracing deities like Cernunnos and Isis, Pagans weave a global fabric of belief that supports magical practices for change21. Exploring Pagan customs uncovers a rich array of ways to honor gods from many traditions, reflecting the shared practice of divine worship.

Pagan Festivals Across America

In the United States, pagan groups join to mark witch festivals and spiritual meetings. These gatherings show the rich variety of today’s Paganism. They range from events with deep American historical roots to fresh ritual occasions. Such gatherings provide chances for shared spiritual moments.

Salem’s God Ball

Salem, Massachusetts, famous for its witch trials, hosts the Witch Ball yearly. This brings together history and current witchcraft practices. It’s a key event for witch festivals, drawing both followers and those just curious. The Witch Ball is a prime example of pagan community spirit, with rituals that respect history while celebrating now.

Asheville’s Full Moon Rituals

Asheville, North Carolina, is known for its Full Moon Rituals. These aren’t just rituals but celebrations that bring people closer and renew their spirits. Asheville’s beauty, with green scenery and clear skies, makes it perfect for such events. This puts it solidly on the map of key pagan spots.

WitchsFest USA

WitchsFest USA takes place in Manhattan’s heart and is a top witch festival in America. It’s a huge fest where diverse people meet for workshops, rituals, and to connect. It stands apart from older pagan festivals, like those for the Sun God Sol Invictus on December 25th22 and Saturnalia from December 17th to 25th22. WitchsFest USA is a newer form, focusing on including everyone in today’s spiritual meetings.

America has many pagan festivals from Salem’s Witch Ball to Asheville’s Full Moon Rituals to WitchsFest USA. These events highlight the lively, changing spirit of pagan communities. Witch festivals and spiritual meetings are about more than rituals. They unite people, creating a strong sense of belonging and shared spiritual goals.

The Influence of Druids and Wiccans

Druidry and Wicca deeply affect modern Paganism. They build a strong bond with nature and stress caring for the environment. Living in harmony with the natural world is key, drawing from ancient traditions. Druidcraft merges Druid and Wiccan practices, observed by some23.

Druidry and Wicca Image

Druidry and Wicca appeal to many for empowering personal spiritual journeys23. They blend to offer paths of growth and freedom. Inspired by ancient roots, they create new spiritual expressions23.

Tools and practices showcase the Wicca and Druidry harmony, like the DruidCraft Tarot23. Symbols such as the Spiral triskelion reflect their rich, mixed influences23.

Adopting Druidry and Wicca means participating in meaningful rituals. These celebrate nature’s cycles, teaching the unity of all life. It leads to a profound respect for the environment and its holy patterns.

To learn more, visit Druidcraft at the Druid Way.

Pagan-Friendly Destinations for Travelers

If you’re exploring spiritual tourism, many destinations offer enriching experiences. They provide cultural immersion, spiritual healing, and access to rituals.

Visiting Sedona’s Vortexes

Sedona, Arizona, is known for its energy vortexes. Many come annually for meditation, clairvoyance, and yoga at these sites2. People visit Sedona for its unique spiritual healing. They are drawn by the swirling energies24.

Mother Grove Goddess Temple

The Mother Grove Goddess Temple in Asheville offers a community space. Here, public rituals celebrate ancient holy days and Pagan holidays2. It gives a traditional goddess worship experience, fostering spiritual connections.

Educational Workshops and Rituals

There are many educational and fulfilling Pagan workshops and rituals. Pacific Circle Revival in Southern California focuses on spiritual rituals and workshops2. Green Witch Creations in Sedona offers workshops on empowerment, chakra alignment, and aura healing2.

New Orleans is great for those into mysticism, with its Voodoo and Hoodoo culture. It has the Historic Voodoo Museum and Marie Laveau’s tomb tours25. Likewise, Siquijor in the Philippines has a Healing Festival before Easter, featuring local healers and rituals25.

Exploring Pagan Traditions Online

Nowadays, it’s easier and more fun to learn about Pagan traditions online. There are tons of resources and platforms filled with helpful info. You can find everything from trending hashtags to educational content. This digital world is rich with knowledge on Pagan practices and witchcraft.

Hashtags and Social Social Trends

Hashtags like #witchtok have hugely spiked interest in Paganism online, with #witchtok gaining over 35 billion views on TikTok2. These trends help users find all sorts of spells, rituals, and spiritual tips. Social media has become a key place for those who love digital witchcraft.

TikTok Witches and Influencers

TikTok and other platforms are home to spiritual influencers who have changed the way we see and practice Paganism online. They talk about everything from herbal magic to moon rituals. This brings a wealth of Pagan knowledge to people everywhere.

Educational Content and Resources

There’s no shortage of educational materials if you want to dive deeper into Pagan traditions. You can find courses like the 5 Week Course on Brigid, Irish Goddess and Saint. There’s also a course on Magical Theory and Practical Skills26. Irish Pagan School offers monthly memberships. These give you access to guided meditations and interactive lessons26.

The online world is a bursting ecosystem for those new and experienced in Pagan traditions. With so much available online, stepping into the realm of Paganism and witchcraft is exciting and easy.

Conclusion

Exploring pagan traditions shows how these ancient rites are a big part of human history. Festivals like Imbolc and Yule’s Winter Solstice share insights into a spiritual journey. They mix rituals, respect for gods, and a deep love for nature to interest those practicing today.

Long ago, about 270 million years, Earth was changing in big ways, like how lands and seas formed27. These changes are like the ways pagan customs have changed but kept their core ideals27. We also see how humans have affected Earth, causing issues like higher CO2 levels and plastic pollution27. Pagan paths call for living in a way that’s better for our planet.

Thinkers like Bertrand Russell and Walt Whitman talked about big questions like the end of things27. Pagan beliefs, focusing on nature and cycles, offer comfort and meaning. They help shape how people see the world, connecting us with everything alive.

Paganism sheds light on ancient cultures and their deep respect for nature27. These practices show wisdom that’s often missed today. As our world feels less magical, these rituals remind us of our link to the universe. By keeping these old ways alive, we honor our past and help brighten our future.

FAQ

What are some significant rituals and festivals in Pagan traditions?

Pagan traditions have many rituals and festivals that mark nature’s cycles. These include Imbolc, Ostara, Beltane, Litha, Lammas, Mabon, Samhain, and Yule. Each one has its own special traditions and spiritual meaning.

How has Paganism evolved in modern times?

Paganism is becoming more popular, reaching from the edges to the mainstream. Its presence in pop culture and on social media, like #WitchTok, shows its modern charm and online reach.

What is Imbolc and how is it celebrated?

Imbolc is celebrated on February 2nd, looking forward to spring. It includes Candlemas, holding activities in honor of Brigid, the fire goddess. People light fires in their hearths as symbols of renewal and purity.

What does Ostara, the Spring Equinox festival, symbolize?

Ostara signifies balance and starts with the Spring Equinox. The activities include egg painting and seed planting. They honor the light and dark balance, showing the circle of life.

Can you explain the significance of Beltane?

Beltane is a fertility celebration. It has Maypole dances, making of floral crowns, and bonfires. These acts honor the sacred union between the feminine and masculine, symbolizing growth and fertility.

What are the traditions associated with Litha?

Litha celebrates the Summer Solstice and the sun’s peak power. People feast, have fire ceremonies, and celebrate the year’s longest day. They honor the victory of light with great joy.

How is Lammas celebrated?

Lammas, or Lughnasadh, starts the harvest season on August 1st. People eat fresh bread, make corn dollies, and give thanks to Lugh, the grain god. It’s a time to appreciate nature’s abundance.

What is Mabon and how is it observed?

Mabon matches the Fall Equinox and is a Pagan thanksgiving time. Pagans share seasonal food and recognize the light fading to darkness, strengthening community ties.

What makes Samhain significant for Pagans?

Samhain happens on October 31st, marking the Witches’ New Year. It’s special because the boundary between worlds gets thin. This allows for closer contact with spirits and marks the year’s reflective closing.

What customs are part of Yule celebrations?

Yule, the Winter Solstice, includes burning the Yule log, and decorating with evergreens. These traditions celebrate light’s return and the sun’s renewal.

Who are some significant deities in Pagan rituals?

Deities such as Cernunnos, representing nature, and Isis, the healing goddess, are important in Paganism. They embody nature and healing, central to Paganism.

Are there any noteworthy Pagan festivals in America?

In the US, Pagans enjoy events like Salem’s Witch Ball, Asheville’s Full Moon ceremonies, and WitchsFest USA in Manhattan. These gatherings show off Pagan community spirit and attract many.

How have Druids and Wiccans influenced contemporary Paganism?

Druids and Wiccans teach living in harmony with nature and protecting the environment. These values shape today’s Pagan rituals and communities.

What are some Pagan-friendly travel destinations?

Travelers can visit places like Sedona’s vortexes, the Mother Grove Goddess Temple. They offer workshops for learning about Pagan spirituality.

How has the digital age influenced the exploration of Pagan traditions?

The digital world, embracing #WitchTok and platforms like TikTok, serves as a lively space. Here, Pagans share spells, experiences, and learn, appealing to both beginners and experts.

Source Links

  1. https://wemoon.ws/blogs/pagan-holiday-traditions
  2. https://www.nationalgeographic.com/culture/article/where-to-go-to-explore-pagan-culture
  3. https://www.britannica.com/topic/modern-Paganism
  4. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/12/12/opinion/christianity-paganism-america.html
  5. https://medium.com/our-mystic-road-trip/embracing-imbolc-a-pagan-celebration-of-renewal-81a12e4a9ebc
  6. https://valtobin.com/wp/the-wheel-of-the-year-pagan-imbolc-celebration/
  7. https://wytchwood.com/blogs/the-wytchwood-chronicle/ostara
  8. https://www.cantonpl.org/blogs/post/celebrate-the-spring-equinox-and-ostara/
  9. https://www.findhorn.org/blog/beltane-and-may-day-the-celtic-festival-of-fertility
  10. https://wemoon.ws/blogs/pagan-holiday-traditions/beltane
  11. https://www.bpl.org/blogs/post/the-origins-and-practices-of-holidays-beltane-and-the-last-day-of-ridvan/
  12. https://thegildedteafling.com/blogs/wheel-of-the-year/how-to-celebrate-litha-embracing-the-summer-solstice-in-2023
  13. https://www.mabonhouse.co/new-blog/a-history-of-litha-and-midsummers-night
  14. https://thebusypagan.com/pagan-holidays/litha/
  15. https://www.cerdeirahomeforcreativity.com/our-blog/2023/08/01/lammas-wheel-of-the-year
  16. https://www.bpl.org/blogs/post/the-origins-and-practices-of-lammas-lughnasad/
  17. https://people.howstuffworks.com/mabon.htm
  18. https://www.mabonhouse.co/mabon
  19. https://www.carnegielibrary.org/witches-new-year/
  20. https://www.britannica.com/topic/Yule-festival
  21. https://pluralism.org/what-do-pagans-do
  22. https://www.througheternity.com/en/blog/history/7-pagan-festivals-still-celebrate.html
  23. https://druidry.org/druid-way/other-paths/wicca-druidcraft
  24. https://whimsysoul.com/spiritual-destinations-witchy-places-travel-to-inspire-your-next-magical-getaway/
  25. https://www.lonelyplanet.com/articles/best-witchy-destinations-history
  26. https://irishpaganschool.com/courses
  27. https://aeon.co/essays/why-we-need-a-new-expression-of-the-sacred-a-pagan-theology

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